• "...the bulk of new biofuel production needs to come from advanced biofuels (algae, cellulosic)."

    The International Energy Association
    April 2011
  • "The Saudi assistant petroleum minister had expressed concern that Saudis could be "greened out" of the U.S. fuel market by biofuels like ethanol."

    James Smith
    U.S. Ambassador to Saudi Arabia, 2010.
  • "...this legislation would also ensure progress made to commercialize advanced ethanol technologies utilizing new feedstocks... is accelerated."

    The American Coalition for Ethanol, Growth Energy, the National Corn Growers Association, and the Renewable Fuels Association
    May 2011
  • "...what would happen to US gasoline prices if ethanol production came to an immediate halt. Under a very wide range of parameters, the estimated gasoline price increase would be of historic proportions, ranging from 41% to 92%."

    Center for Agricultural and Rural Development Iowa State University
    April 2011
  • "Another substitute for oil that holds tremendous promise is renewable biofuels...made from things like switchgrass, wood chips, and biomass."

    President Obama
    March 2011
  • "I'm a big supporter of biofuels. But one of the things that's become clear is, is that we need to accelerate our basic research in ethanol and other biofuels that are made from things like woodchips..."

    President Obama
    July 2011

United States EPA National Renewable Fuel Standards

The U.S. government has been proactive in supporting the evolution of advanced biofuels. The Energy Act of 2007 calls for an increase of ethanol usage to 36-billion gallons per year by 2022 - a strong encouragement for the diversification of ethanol production with two-thirds to be cellulosic ethanol from renewable feedstock such as prairie grass and wood chips. In addition, on May 22, 2008 the U.S. government passed the Farm Bill establishing a tax credit of up to $1.01 per gallon for cellulosic ethanol.

The table below summarizes the milestones in the Act, as recently updated. Renewable fuel is that derived from renewable biomass and is used to replace or reduce the quantity of fossil fuel present in transportation fuel.

 Volumes in Millions of Gallons
  Advanced1
YearTotal Renewable FuelTotal Advanced BiofuelCellulosic Biofuel2 Biomass- based diesel3
 2012 15,200 2,000 <13 1,000
 2015 20,500 5,500 3,000 TBD
 2020 30,000 15,000 10,500 TBD
 2022 36,000 21,000 16,000 TBD

1Advanced Biofuel: Renewable fuel, other than ethanol derived from corn starch that has lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions that are at least 50% less than baseline lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions.

2Cellulosic Biofuel: Renewable fuel derived from any cellulose, hemicellulose, or lignin that is derived from renewable biomass and that has lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions that are at least 60% less than the baseline lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions.

3Biomass-based Diesel: Renewable fuel that is biodiesel as defined in section 312(f) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13220(f)), and that has lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions that are at least 50% less than the baseline lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions.


For more information, please refer to the U.S. EPA website: www.epa.gov/otaq/fuels/renewablefuels/index.htm